S. 272

An Act To amend the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006, to require the budget justifications and appropriation requests of agencies be made publicly available.

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S272 ENR: Congressional Budget Justification Transparency Act of 2021

U.S. Senate

text/xml

EN

Pursuant to Title 17 Section 105 of the United States Code, this file is not subject to copyright protection and is in the public domain.

One Hundred Seventeenth Congress of the United States of America

1st Session

Begun and held at the City of Washington on Sunday, the third day of January, two thousand and twenty one

S. 272

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

AN ACT

To amend the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006, to require the budget justifications and appropriation requests of agencies be made publicly available.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the

Congressional Budget Justification Transparency Act of 2021

.

2.

Public availability of budget justifications and appropriation requests

(a)

In general

Section 3 of the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (

31 U.S.C. 6101

note) is amended to read as follows:

3.

Full disclosure of Federal funds

(a)

In general

Not less frequently than monthly when practicable, and in any event not less frequently than quarterly, the Secretary (in consultation with the Director and, with respect to information described in subsection (b)(2), the head of the applicable Federal agency) shall ensure that updated information with respect to the information described in subsection (b) is posted on the website established under section 2.

(b)

Information To be posted

(1)

Funds

For any funds made available to or expended by a Federal agency or component of a Federal agency, the information to be posted shall include—

(A)

for each appropriations account, including an expired or unexpired appropriations account, the amount—

(i)

of budget authority appropriated;

(ii)

that is obligated;

(iii)

of unobligated balances; and

(iv)

of any other budgetary resources;

(B)

from which accounts and in what amount—

(i)

appropriations are obligated for each program activity; and

(ii)

outlays are made for each program activity;

(C)

from which accounts and in what amount—

(i)

appropriations are obligated for each object class; and

(ii)

outlays are made for each object class; and

(D)

for each program activity, the amount—

(i)

obligated for each object class; and

(ii)

of outlays made for each object class.

(2)

Budget justifications

(A)

Definitions

In this paragraph—

(i)

the term

budget justification materials

means the annual budget justification materials of a Federal agency, or a component of a Federal agency, that are submitted, in conjunction with the budget of the United States Government submitted under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code; and

(ii)

the term

open Government data asset

has the meaning given that term in section 3502 of title 44, United States Code.

(B)

Information

The information to be posted—

(i)

shall include any budget justification materials—

(I)

for the second fiscal year beginning after the date of enactment of this paragraph, and each fiscal year thereafter; and

(II)

to the extent practicable, that were released for any fiscal year before the date of enactment of this paragraph; and

(ii)

shall not include budget justification materials the disclosure of which is prohibited by law, that are classified, or that are exempt from disclosure under section 552(b) of title 5, United States Code.

(C)

Format

Budget justification materials shall be posted under subparagraph (B)—

(i)

as an open Government data asset;

(ii)

in a manner that enables users to download individual reports, download all reports in bulk, and download in bulk the results of a search, to the extent practicable; and

(iii)

in a structured data format, to the extent practicable.

(D)

Deadline

The budget justification materials required to be posted under subparagraph (B)(i) shall be posted not later than 2 weeks after the date on which the budget justification materials are first submitted to Congress.

(E)

Rule of construction

Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to authorize a Federal agency, or a component of a Federal agency, to destroy any budget justification materials relating to a fiscal year before the fiscal year described in subparagraph (B)(i).

.

(b)

Information regarding agency budget justifications

Section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

(i)

(1)

The Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall make publicly available on a website, and continuously update, a tabular list for each fiscal year of each agency that submits budget justification materials, which shall include—

(A)

the name of the agency;

(B)

a unique identifier that identifies the agency;

(C)

to the extent practicable, the date on which the budget justification materials of the agency are first submitted to Congress;

(D)

the date on which the budget justification materials of the agency are posted online under section 3 of the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (

31 U.S.C. 6101

note);

(E)

the uniform resource locator where the budget justification materials are published on the website of the agency; and

(F)

a single data set that contains the information described in subparagraphs (A) through (E) with respect to the agency for all fiscal years for which budget justifications of the agency are made available under section 3 of the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (

31 U.S.C. 6101

note) in a structured data format.

(2)

(A)

Each agency that submits budget justification materials shall make the materials available on the website of the agency, in accordance with the policies established by the Director of the Office of Management and Budget under subparagraph (B).

(B)

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this subsection, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury, shall establish policies and data standards for agencies relating to making available materials under subparagraph (A), which shall include guidelines for making budget justification materials available in a format aligned with the requirements of section 3(b)(2)(C) of the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (

31 U.S.C. 6101

note) and using a uniform resource locator that is in a consistent format across agencies and is descriptive, memorable, and pronounceable, such as the format of

agencyname.gov/budget

.

(C)

If the Director of the Office of Management and Budget maintains a public website that contains the budget of the United States Government submitted under subsection (a) and any related materials, such website shall also contain a link to the tabular list required under paragraph (1).

(3)

In this subsection, the term

budget justification materials

has the meaning given that term in section 3(b)(2) of the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (

31 U.S.C. 6101

note).

.

3.

Determination of budgetary effects

The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purpose of complying with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go-Act of 2010, shall be determined by reference to the latest statement titled

Budgetary Effects of PAYGO Legislation

for this Act, submitted for printing in the Congressional Record by the Chairman of the Senate Budget Committee, provided that such statement has been submitted prior to the vote on passage.

Speaker of the House of Representatives

Vice President of the United States and President of the Senate